What is the weighted average cost of this capital (WACC)? 10. In 250-350 words, explain what cash flow is and why cash is so important to a business.Include in your analysis the cash that ICS maintains on hand and whether it is sufficient or not.

 ICS Manufacturing Company produces plastic parts for the automotive industry.Here is their Income Statement for 2015 – ICS Manufacturing CompanyIncome Statement for 2015 Sales Revenue$35,500,000Cost of Goods Sold12,725,000Selling, General & Admin Exp11,200,000Depreciation ExpenseEBIT8,375,000Interest ExpenseTaxable Income8,025,000TaxesNet IncomeTransfer this income statement to an Excel spreadsheet and begin to prepare a Pro Forma Income statement for 2016 based on the following information: Sales revenue to increase 5.2%, COGS to increase 4.5%, S,G&A will increase 3.8% and depreciation expense will be $3,255,000.Assume interest expense to be $375,000 and taxes are to be 40% of taxable income.You will now have income statements for 2015 and 2016 for ICS Manufacturing.This is the balance sheet information for ICS Manufacturing Company: ICS Manufacturing CompanyBalance Sheet for year ending December 31, 2015 Cash$2,625,000Accounts Payable$5,825,000Accounts Receivable$2,715,000Other Current Liabilities InventoriesTotal Current Liabilities$9,190,000Total Current Assets$6,854,000 Long Term Assets Long Term LiabilitiesP, P & E $12,745,000Long Term Debt$1,225,000Goodwill$1,205,000Other LT DebtIntangible AssetsTotal LT LiabilitiesTotal LT Assets Total Liabilities$12,645,000Total Assets $26,079,000 Owners’ EquityCommon Stock$6,425,000Retained EarningsTotal Owners’ EquityTotal Liab/OE$26,079,000Transfer this balance sheet to an Excel spreadsheet and begin to prepare a Pro Forma Balance Sheet for 2016 based on the following information: Cash will increase to $2,825,000 and accounts receivable will increase by 15%.The inventories will go up 35% and P, P, &E will go up $2,000,000 with an expansion to the plant. Long term debt will increase to $2,000,000 to help finance the plant expansion and add $1,137,150 to other LT debt.. You will now have balance sheets for 2015 and 2016 for ICS Manufacturing.  Using the 2015 and 2016 financials for ICS, complete the following – show calculations and/or numbers you used to derive your answer: ICS wants to take around $400,000 of its cash and invest in marketable securities. They anticipate receiving around $7.5% interest on their investment and would like to have it held for 10 years. What will be the FV of this $400,000 investment? ICS believes they will only gain a 6% return on their $400,000 investment. Using the Rule of 72, how many years will it take to double their investment? ICS plans on expanding their plant and will fund $2,000,000. Part of the funding will come from cash, but the balance of $775,000 will be financed. The interest rate will be 5% and ICS plans on borrowing the funds for 4 years. Prepare a loan amortization schedule for the 4 years with 5% interest for the $775,000 and assume making one payment per year. Show the schedule. Using your 2015/2016 Income Statement and Balance Sheet, add a column for percentage of total.Compute the percentages for each line item for the financial statements.For the 2015 Income Statement, what is the percentage of COGS as compared to total sales? Is this figure reasonable and what is COGS and why is it important to a company? Financial Ratios provide information to analyze a company’s performance.Solve the following ratios for 2015 and 2016 using the Income Statement and Balance sheets you prepared for ICS Manufacturing. Current Ratio – current assets/current liabilitiesQuick Ratio – (current assets – inventories)/current liabilitiesCash Ratio – cash/current liabilitiesDebt Ratio – total liabilities/total assetsCash Coverage Ratio – (EBIT + depreciation/interest expenseInventory Turnover – cost of goods sold/inventoryReceivables Turnover – sales/accounts receivableTotal Asset Turnover – sales/total assetsProfit Margin – net income/salesReturn on Equity – net income/total owner’s equity   ICS plans to expand their operations as stated in Problem 5 – and are considering taking the loan – however, they have a few investors that are interested in lending money for this venture.They need a total of $775,000, and if they lend the money today, ICS will repay it, with interest, at the end of the year.Company A agrees to lend $300,000 and they require 5% interest, Company B will lend $200,000 at 6% interest, and Company C will loan the balance but they won’t settle for less than 10% interest.What is the weighted average cost of this capital (WACC)?  10. In 250-350 words, explain what cash flow is and why cash is so important to a business.Include in your analysis the cash that ICS maintains on hand and whether it is sufficient or not.  

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