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Define capitalism in general. In other words, what makes classical capitalism, social democratic capitalism, liberal meritocratic capitalism, and political capitalism all capitalist systems?

Define capitalism in general. In other words, what makes classical capitalism, social democratic capitalism, liberal meritocratic capitalism, and political capitalism all capitalist systems? What are the features that all of these variants of capitalism have in common?
What are the salient differences among the 4 types of capitalism that Milanovic discusses? Compare and contrast each, being very careful to explain your criteria for differentiating among them. (For example, if you choose “rising share of capital income in net product” or “intergenerational transmission of wealth,” be very careful to explain in your own words what they mean).
Why does Milanovic focus his attention so much on the rising share of capital in GDP?
What does the term mean?
Why is it considered key to understanding how and why capitalism has evolved from 20th century social democratic capitalism to 21st century meritocratic?
How is a rising share of capital and increased concentration of capital ownership tied to the rise of income inequality? Explain the cause and effect.
In Section 2.3a, Milanovic asks why 20th century policy tools can’t be used to address 21st century income inequality.
What were the 20th century policies that he cites?
Why, in the face of globalization and the rising share of capital in GDP, is the 20th century welfare state difficult to maintain?
What does “deconcentration of capital ownership” mean? Why is this considered to be key in addressing perniciously increasing income inequality? What would be some of the policies that would need to be enacted?
Americans want to believe in the American Dream, even though the educational achievement gap has been growing steadily since the 1970s. Americans want to believe that all citizens can access homeownership and that successful people are successful because they are deserving or God-chosen, not because they inherited huge amounts of money, wealth that was often built from exploitation and oppression. The ideology of the American dream gives Americans a solid framework on which to hang flimsy lies.
What evidence does Milanovic present to support this view?
What is the American Dream?
Define the following terms and explain how Milanovic uses them to challenge the notion that the US is a meritocratic.
Homogamy
Homoploutia
Intergenerational moblity
How is it that the upper class perpetuates itself? Discuss the role of political campaign contributions, higher education costs, etc.
What is worrisome about the trends toward increased income inequality in 21st century US capitalism?
What is Milanovic’s primary argument about the impact of globalization on the welfare state? Be sure to define welfare state and its beneficiaries. Explain how income polarization can undermine the support needed to maintain the welfare state.
What is Milanovic’s primary argument about the impact of globalization on the welfare state? Be sure to define welfare state and its beneficiaries. Explain how income polarization can undermine the support needed to maintain the welfare state.