Discuss a Blood Disease from your eText of your choice incorporating what you have learned from the YouTube Video (link above) in your own words. Hematopoiesis

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discuss a Blood Disease from your eText of your choice incorporating what you have learned from the YouTube Video (link above) in your own words.

Part 2: Red Blood Cell Types : Primary Blood Types.

The ABO Blood Group System. There are four major blood groups determined by the presence or absence of two antigens A and B on the surface of red blood cells: Group A has only the A antigen on red cells (and B antibody in the plasma) Group B has only the B antigen on red cells (and A antibody in the plasma). There are eight different common blood types, which are determined by the presence or absence of certain antigens, which are substances that can trigger an immune response if they are foreign to the human body. Since some antigens can trigger a patient\’s immune system to attack the transfused blood, safe blood transfusions depend on careful blood typing and cross-matching.

There are 4 major blood groups determined by the presence or absence of two antigens (A and B) on the surface of red blood cells:

Blood Group
Antigen
A
Has only A antigen on red cells (and B antibody in the plasma)
B
Has only B antigen on red cells (and A antibody in the plasma)
AB
Has both A and B antigens on red cells (but neither A nor B antibody in the plasma)
O
Has neither A nor B antigens on red cells (but both A and B antibody are in the plasma)
In addition to the A and B antigens, there is a third antigen called the Rh factor, which can be either present (+) or absent ( – ). In general, Rh negative blood is given to Rh-negative patients, and Rh positive blood or Rh negative blood may be given to Rh positive patients.

The universal red cell donor has Type O negative blood type.
The universal plasma donor has Type AB positive blood type.
The same goes with the rh factor: if someone is negative, then they can\’t receive positive. O negative is the universal donor because there are absolutely no proteins on the RBCs, which means that anyone can receive that blood without suffering rejection.

RH factor in blood types stands for \”Rhesus Factor\”. Blood tests were performed on Rhesus monkeys and the Rh+ and Rh- factors were isolated. An antigen found in the red blood cells of most people: those who have Rh factor are said to be Rh positive (Rh+), while those who do not are Rh negative (Rh-). What about the meaning of RHD- Rh blood group, D antigen . The rhesus complex is not just one antigen, but several, when someone is told to be Rh+, it usually refers to the D antigen (one of the components of the Rh complex), because it\’s the most common, and the easiest to identify, however it\’s not the only one.

Choose 3 Questions to answer.

What are the different types of blood?
What determines a person\’s blood type?
Why is type O negative blood known as the universal donor?
Can O+ blood donate to anyone?
What is the rarest blood type?
Are blood types distributed evenly among all races?
What Does Blood Group RH Factor Mean?
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